The treatment and prognosis varies quite a bit depending on the underlying cause. If the condition can be cured or corrected, ascites can resolve. But sometimes it is present at the end stage of diseases that cannot be cured, and when this occurs, we can only try to manage ascites rather than resolve it.
Symptoms of Ascites in Cats Abdominal pain . Abdominal swelling. Difficulty breathing. Loss of appetite.
The prognosis for a cat with abdominal effusion in this study was poor (mean survival time, 21 days; range, 1 to 350 days; median, 2.5 days). Clinical implications: The primary differential diagnosis for peritoneal effusion in cats is neoplastic disease in older cats and right-sided heart failure in kittens.
Symptoms like loss of appetite, extreme fatigue and the abdominal swelling called ” ascites ” can be signs that pancreatic cancer is moving into the final stage .
Ascites may go away with a low salt diet, and with diuretics (water pills) ordered by your provider. But sometimes a provider must drain the fluid from the belly using a special needle. View our Ascites Patient Fact Sheet for more information.
Simple causes of abdominal enlargement: Intestinal parasites (“worms”): Large numbers of worms in the intestine can cause distension of the abdomen , giving a pet a “pot-bellied” appearance. Pregnancy: It is normal for pregnant female cats to show abdominal enlargement by mid- to late pregnancy.
Once the drain is in place, the patient’s ascites can be drained in the patient’s usual place of residence. Community nurses or (where willing) carers can then remove smaller volumes (1–2 L) of ascitic fluid in about 5–10 min, usually two to three times a week dependent on patient preference.
Your cat may vomit or have diarrhea and often shows a loss of appetite with corresponding weight loss. The buildup of toxins in the blood can lead to a depressed cat or even more severe neurologic signs such as seizures, circling, or head pressing. Some cats will die from these toxic buildups.
Persistent and incurable inability to eat, vomiting, signs of pain, distress or discomfort, or difficulty in breathing are all indications that euthanasia should be considered. You and your family know your cat better than anyone else, so try to make a reasoned judgement on quality of life.
If your cat has a significant buildup of fluid in his abdomen , the first order of treatment is to remove it so he can be more comfortable. Your veterinarian will most likely perform a procedure known as abdominocentesis. During this procedure, your doctor will tap the abdomen with a fine needle and drain the fluid .
Kittens and cats develop bloated stomachs because of several different reasons: Intestinal parasites (roundworm, hookworm, protozoal parasites) Retaining too much fluid (develops from liver or kidney failure) Overeating (If this is chronic, an underlying disease may be the cause)
Medication to control pain and vomiting may be necessary, and antibiotics may be needed if an infectious cause is suspected. Appetite stimulants may be helpful in cats that won’t eat. In most cases, cats recover from pancreatitis , although future flare-ups are always a concern.
Ascites is the main complication of cirrhosis,3 and the mean time period to its development is approximately 10 years. Ascites is a landmark in the progression into the decompensated phase of cirrhosis and is associated with a poor prognosis and quality of life; mortality is estimated to be 50% in 2 years.
What Is Ascites ? Ascites can cause liver disease and cirrhosis, and death . The organs of the abdomen are contained in a sac or membrane called the peritoneum.
Options to help relieve ascites include: Eating less salt and drinking less water and other liquids. However, many people find this unpleasant and hard to follow. Taking diuretics, which help reduce the amount of water in the body.